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Het laatste nieuws over het land, de taal of de cultuur.
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15 / 16 december 2018

Charles Dickens Festijn.

In Deventer

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Vandaag 1411
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Sinds 09-2011 2559156

Thomas Hobbes - Leviathan




 (De Nederlandse vertaling van dit fragment verschijnt binnenkort)

Thomas Hobbes
Leviathan

 

 

So that in the nature of man, we find three principal causes of quarrel. First, competition; secondly, diffidence; thirdly, glory.

The first maketh men invade for gain; the second, for safety; and the third, for reputation. The first use violence, to make themselves masters of other men's persons, wives, children, and cattle; the second, to defend them; the third, for trifles, as a word, a smile, a different opinion, and any other sign of undervalue, either direct in their persons or by reflection in their kindred, their friends, their nation, their profession, or their name.

Hereby it is manifest that during the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called war; and such a war as is of every man against every man. For war consisteth not in battle only, or the act of fighting, but in a tract of time, wherein the will to contend by battle is sufficiently known: and therefore the notion of time is to be considered in the nature of war, as it is in the nature of weather. For as the nature of foul weather lieth not in a shower or two of rain, but in an inclination thereto of many days together: so the nature of war consisteth not in actual fighting, but in the known disposition thereto during all the time there is no assurance to the contrary. All other time is peace.

Whatsoever therefore is consequent to a time of war, where every man is enemy to every man, the same consequent to the time wherein men live without other security than what their own strength and their own invention shall furnish them withal. In such condition there is no place for industry, because the fruit thereof is uncertain: and consequently no culture of the earth; no navigation, nor use of the commodities that may be imported by sea; no commodious building; no instruments of moving and removing such things as require much force; no knowledge of the face of the earth; no account of time; no arts; no letters; no society; and which is worst of all, continual fear, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.

 

 








Citaat van de dag

"Literatuur is zo oud als taal. Het is ontstaan uit de menselijke behoefte eraan en het is niet veranderd, behalve dat de behoefte eraan alleen maar gegroeid is.
Literature is as old as speech. It grew out of human need for it and it has not changed except to become more needed. "
- John Steinbeck -
(1902-1968)
Amerikaans schrijver.

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